Typically, many laws passed by the Georgia legislature take effect July 1st. This year, the only substantive change affecting some civil lawsuits is a minor change to the venue provisions of the State Tort Claims Act. Senate Bill 126 amended the Code section relating to venue for tort actions against the State by adding certain specifications. Currently, under O.C.G.A. § 50-21-28, tort actions against the state must be brought in the state or superior court of the county where the loss occurred; SB 126 requires that tort actions against the state be brought in the state or superior court of the county where the tort that gave rise to the loss occurred. The bill also codified longstanding case law indicating that wrongful death actions against the state may be brought in the county where the tort giving rise to the loss occurred or the county where the decedent died. This bill resulted from the State’s concern that a 2015 case interpreted the “where the loss occurred” to allow plaintiffs to file tort claims act cases in any county where they experienced symptoms from the injuries sustained in the incident giving rise to the tort claim or in any county where they incurred medical bills for the injury. The new provisions only affect causes of action filed on or after July 1, 2017.
Here is the full text of the amended statute, § 50-21-28:
“All tort actions against the state under this article shall be brought in the state or superior court of the county wherein the tort giving rise to the loss occurred; provided, however, that, wrongful death actions may be brought in the county wherein the tort giving rise to the loss occurred or the county wherein the decedent died, and provided, further, that in any case in which an officer or employee of the state may be included as a defendant in his or her individual capacity, the action may be brought in the county of residence of such officer or employee. All actions against the state for losses sustained in any other state shall be brought in the county of residence of any officer or employee residing in this state upon whose actions or omissions the claim against the state is based.”